Editor’s note: This was originally published on April 4, 2019. All stats have been updated to reflect the action of the 2019 Masters tournament won by Tiger Woods.
This week, like every spring, the pictures of Augusta National and the Masters would have been everywhere.
Amen corner. Magnolia Lane. Azaleas and Dogwood. Green jackets.
But the coronavirus pandemic that stopped the world and stopped the sport forced the 2020 Masters to be postponed in Augusta, Georgia.
That doesn’t mean that in our eyes we can’t still wander the fairways, look over Hogan’s Bridge, remember the beauty and difficulty of the place, and wait for the day the gates open and Jack Nicklaus and Gary Player the ceremonial hitting the first tees on the opening fairway.
How to watch classic Masters coverage on ESPN this week
With the help of some former Masters champions, we offer Augusta National the ultimate hole-by-hole view:
Jump to a hole:
No. 1 | No. 2 | No. 3 | Number 4
No. 5 | No. 6 | No. 7 | No. 8
No. 9 | No. 10 | No. 11 | No. 12
No. 13 | No. 14 | No. 15 | No. 16 | No. 17 | No. 18
Secrets from past Masters champions, as Michael Collins relates
History of each hole compiled by ESPN Stats & Information
Cheat sheet: Three hardest holes in order: No. 10, No. 11, No. 4; Three simplest holes: No. 15, No. 13, No. 2
# 1: Par 4, 445 yards
The fine folks at Augusta National don’t allow a player to step into their Masters experience. Exactly what you want to start with and your nerves still clink after your name is revealed – a narrow tee with problems to the right and left. The first hole played no worse than the fifth hardest in the Masters last year and it was actually the hardest hole on the golf course in the third round in 2018. Goal: make par, take a deep breath, carry on.
Tiger Woods’ secret to # 1
“If [the wind] doesn’t blow, it’s not that hard a hole. It’s a 3-wood when they move the tee up or it’s a cut driver down there. If the wind blows when it’s coming from the west or north this is one of the hardest holes to open as this green isn’t rated for a 6 iron or a 5 iron. It’s going to be scary. … if you can play the hole in 16 [total strokes] You learned quite a bit in the field. “
Changes to ‘Tea Olive’
• 2002: The teas moved back 20 to 25 meters. The fairway bunker was reshaped and extended 10 to 15 meters towards the green. Part of the fairway landing area reevaluated.
• 2006: The teas moved back 15 to 20 meters. Trees have been added to the left of the fairway.
• 2008: Ten meters from the tees. The back of the tees has been reduced to make it easier for users to move around.
• 2009: Back of the tee reduced by 8 yards. Tee marker moved and Masters scorecard changed to 445 yards.
• 2010: Practice reducing the green behind the first tee by 20 percent to improve customer flow.
# 2: Par 5, 575 yards
There were 83 bogeys or worse on the first hole at last year’s Masters. No. 2 is the chance to make it up to you. It is never played the same or worse; The highest average score for the week in 1957 was 4,996. On Sunday, when the hole is cut back to the right, watch as shots shoot down the hill towards Pin, giving those following the lead a chance of both an early and first eagle roar of the day from the Patrons. What is not so noticeable about No. 2? How much difference in altitude (first hill reference!) Is it from the second shot to the green?
Zach Johnson’s secret to # 2
“The key to number 2 is just that you bring your drive into play because you can make one [birdie] or [eagle] from the fairway. If there’s another key, most of it is to be missed, with the exception of the pin in the back right to stay right on your second shot. You can be on the fairway, you can be on the green, you can be in the bunker. Just be right and you will be fine and you will eliminate the large number. “
Changes to ‘Pink Dogwood’
• 1999: The teas moved back 20 to 25 meters. Fairway bunker moved to the right.
• 2010: The front of the green expanded about eight feet.
No. 3: Par 4, 350 yards
The big decision here comes down to the tee: to make it big or play for position? Big hitters can try out the green just 350 meters away – or at least get pretty close. That leaves a difficult pitch to a narrow, steeply sloping green. A more conservative tee shot leaves a full shot and a chance to control spin. Decisions decisions.
Zach Johnson’s secret to # 3
“You need to know where the pen is from the tee. Based on where the pen is, it will determine what you hit from the tee. It could be a 5-iron. It could be a driver. Coming just depend on where the pin is and how the greens hold up. “
Changes to ‘Blossoming Peach’
• • None since 1996
# 4: Par 3, 240 yards
Short par 4 gives way to big big par 3. Sure, it goes a little downhill, but it will take a long iron and serious accuracy to fly the two front traps and get the ball to hold the green, which is narrow at its entry point is inclined forward and away from the player as it goes backward. Par is good. Bogies can pass pretty easily and the dreaded “others” are also involved.
Adam Scott’s secret to # 4
“If you hit a 2 or 3 iron there, you don’t have much wiggle room. It gets more and more challenging over the years because it gets so long. If there is wind you can’t feel it on the tee box. And the ball comes 150 meters out and gets killed by the wind. Without kidding, I thought about lying down when it’s so windy. If I get a 4 there, I can recover in a tournament. “
Changes to ‘Blossoming Crab Apple’
• 2006: The tees moved back 30 to 35 yards
# 5: Par 4, 495 yards
The green jackets worked hard here between the end of the 2018 Masters and the start of the 2019 edition. This par 4 was already a long par 4 and was increased by 40 yards. It was the second longest par 4 on the course. (No. 11 is the longest at 505 meters. But at least this goes downhill with the second shot.) The two bunkers on the left side of No. 5 value the accuracy of the tee shot.
Tiger Woods’ secret to # 5
“It’s just long. The bunkers are still deep. I think they are not playable to get to the ball on the green. You have to be very lucky and have a situation where you can possibly get to the leading edge of the green can. but you just have to stay out of these bunkers. But it’s really long. “
Changes to ‘Magnolia’
• 2003: Teas moved back. Fairway bunkers extended approximately 80 meters towards the green. The fairway and bunker were moved to the right, increasing the dogleg. With the extended dogleg and the movement of the tee, the hole was remeasured to 455 yards.
• 2010: Seven meters from the teeing area. No change in the length of the hole.
• 2018: The tees moved back 40 yards, pushing the hole to 495 yards.
No. 6: Par 3, 180 yards
Perhaps not as well known as the other par 3s on the course – especially when compared to the two on the second nine – this is a hidden gem. Why? First, its location: it could be the best vantage point on the property. When you place your green Masters chair halfway up the raised tee, you’ll see the sixth green, all par-3 sixths, and the second shots into the groundbreaking par-5-15. The 6th green is challenging, with two levels that can cause all kinds of problems. How much real estate do you have to work with when the pen is on the top shelf? We let Adam Scott explain.
Adam Scott’s secret to # 6
“It’s an interesting hole. It goes so downhill and then they always have two pegs in the top right. It’s like trying to land it on the hood of a car, really from 175 or 180. There’s no good place for that, miss it. It’s one of the ones that forces you to take a great shot. “
Changes to ‘Juniper’
• 2012: Tees for masters and members that are connected to a single tee.
# 7: Par 4, 450 yards
Check out the following changes: This hole has grown a little longer over the past 17 years. Consider this: In 2001, it played the lowest of all masters averaging 3,986. The changes began the next year. Now, at 450 meters, the second shot into a green surrounded by five bunkers is infinitely harder than it was in 2001. In the opening round a year ago, this was the hardest hole on the course. The only break – that just Break – for the players is when the pin is in front because the green is sloping from back to front.
Sergio Garcia’s secret to no.7
“It’s tremendous now. It’s very, very important to get a good ride. If you get a good ride, you have a very good opportunity to do birdie. If you don’t ride well, it’s a struggle, par too do.”
Changes to ‘Pampa’
• 2002: The tees moved back 40 to 45 yards. Part of the fairway landing area reevaluated.
• 2006: The tees moved back 35 to 40 yards. Green re-planted to create a possible position for the pin in the back right. Trees have been added to the right and left of the fairway.
• 2008: Added six feet to the left of the green. The bunker at the far left moved back.
• 2009: An additional 10 yards have been added to the front of the Masters tees. No change in length of the hole.
# 8: Par 5, 570 yards
For those who have been preparing for the Masters for years, this is where familiarity kicks in – the bunker to the right of the tee, the hills that influence the second shot, the long, narrow green. While viewers can tell that it is going uphill, how much the player is climbing is deceptive. Watch carefully when the players try to split the green. Sometimes they lose balance on follow-through.
Sergio Garcia’s secret to no.8
“If you manage to get a nice ride there are a couple of spots to aim for to get to the green as this is a blind second shot. It’s not easy to trust him sometimes when you are can’t see where the ball is landing. If the pin is on the right and you hit it to the right of the green, you know your birdie chance is almost gone. If you get a good second shot you can get an eagle make. But if you’re even a little off, you’ll struggle to make a birdie. “
Changes to ‘Yellow Jasmine’
• 2002: The tees moved back 15 to 20 yards and moved 10 yards to the golfer’s right. The fairway bunker has been reshaped and almost doubled.
No. 9: Par 4, 460 yards
Wrong cliché time: The Masters only start on Sunday at nine o’clock. Wrong, it starts with the second shot in number 9. Another hole where television cameras fail to do justice to the height difference from the second shot to the green and the slope in front of the green. (Hey, you were warned the hills were going to be an issue.) Just keep the second shot a little short and it will roll back down. Remember, Greg Norman was through eight holes on that dreaded Sunday in 1996. He didn’t carry his second shot far enough in 9th place, he rolled back off the green and the collapse was in full swing.
Sergio Garcia’s secret to No. 9
“The second shot is the most important thing. It’s a tricky green. Usually you hit a raised green from a downhill slope, which is never easy. It’s a green that runs sideways and angled right to left. Your distance control on yours second hit has to be right. If you’re on the wrong plateau, you have a treacherous putt. For me, the hardest pin is actually the one from the back left because the plateau is so small. “
Changes to ‘Carolina Cherry’
• 2002: The teas moved back 25 to 30 meters.
• 2008: The position of the right hole softened on the first and middle plateau.
# 10: Par 4, 495 yards
The 10th has caused drama over the years – from Bubba Watson’s escape from the trees on the right to Rory McIlroy’s mishaps near the cottages on the left. No hole has played more difficult in Masters history. The average of 4.31 strokes is the highest in relation to par. The picture is clear: there is a steep downhill dogleg on the left. Find the slope in the fairway and the tee shot hits the runway and gets a lot more mileage. Miss the runway and the player has a long, long way home on his second shot. The steeply sloping green from right to left is protected by a bunker on the right and a huge slope to the left. Make par. Take a deep breath. Go on.
Bubba Watson’s secret to # 10
“No matter where the pin is, hit it in the middle of the green. You want the center of the green. If someone hits it close, it has to be the perfect wind, the perfect number. If the pin is on the right, you sure don’t want to flirt with this bunker. It is difficult to go back to the creek because you are going up the hill, but it is as fast as possible. “
Changes to ‘Camellia’
• 2002: The tees moved five to ten yards back and five yards to the golfer’s left.
• 2011: Fairway landing zone with a sand cap, which is intended to improve the growing and playing conditions.
No. 11: Par 4, 505 yards
Welcome to the beginning of Amen Corner. Going from back to tee can be intimidating because what the players are staring at is so narrow. Sure, the fairway will eventually open up, but that doesn’t mean things will get any easier. The second shot from the top of the hill has to take into account the altitude, the wind and the threatening little pond to the left of the green. Players can get out right and hope to go up and down for par – or try to recreate a 1987 Larry Mize chip-in wonder. While No. 10 is historically the toughest hole in Augusta National, No. 11 played the hardest in 2018 – with only 13 birdies and an average of 4.40 strokes.
Bubba Watson’s secret to # 11
“It seems like you say that about every hole there – hit the fairway. You’re going to have a long iron so the point is to land it on the front of the green. If you do a birdie at 11, you do an eagle on par 5. It’s just one of those things that happens and you say, “Oh my god, I got lucky.” You can do birdies with the front or right pin, but the back pins hit them Middle of the green and you have to put two putt-puts from 40 or 50 feet. You try, do pars, and get out of there. “
Changes to ‘White Dogwood’
• 1999: Green, pond and bunker complex adapted.
• 2002: The tees moved back 30 to 35 yards and five yards to the golfer’s right. Part of the fairway landing area reevaluated.
• 2004: Pine trees (36) have been added to the right of the fairway.
• 2006: The teas moved back 10 to 15 meters. Trees have been added to the right of the fairway and the fairway has been moved to the left.
• 2008: On the right side of the fairway, several trees have been removed and the fairway widened.
No. 12: Par 3, 155 yards
Perhaps the most famous par 3 in the world: To the left of the green is the Hogan Bridge, in front Rae’s Creek, behind it the azaleas and bunkers. The small par 3 can be as tough as it is beautiful. The wind has been playing mind games with the players for decades. Everyone has a different theory – wait until you hear Bubba Watson’s description – of how to measure the breeze that comes down to that secluded corner of the property. When the tee lands in Rae’s Creek, the playing field above the water, to a narrow green that is protected by a dam that also directs the shot back into the water … No. 12 has more than one dream about wearing the green jacket .
Bubba Watson’s secret to # 12
“Hopefully there isn’t any wind. That wind, you looked at it, and it’s called the ‘vortex effect’ where the wind gets faster because of the trees and all. When you get a gust it actually doubles the speed, but you I know it just doesn’t. So you see the balls get tight and you say, ‘Did this guy really just merge two clubs wrong?’ “
Changes to ‘Golden Bell’
• None since 1996.
No. 13: Par 5, 510 yards
For the players, this could be the quietest part of the golf course. Guests cannot approach this tea. A tributary of Rae’s Creek meanders down the left side, with trees and pine thatch on the right. Of course, this pine straw is the location of one of the indelible images in Master’s history – Phil Mickelson hammered a 6 iron out of it and through a narrow opening in the trees during the last round in 2010. His caddy Jim “Bones” MacKay tried to talk him out of it. Mickelson didn’t flinch, hit the shot at three feet and won the Masters. If the tee shot and approach aren’t difficult enough – remember, the creek protects the front – the green can cause problems. When the pen is all the way back, players will find it difficult to get the ball onto the hard shelf. If they go long it’s an almost impossible chip. When the pen is in the front it brings the creek into play. However, a perfectly hit shot could catch the ridge in the green and direct it back to the pen. This is the ultimate risk-reward hole.
Patrick Reed’s secret to # 13
“At first you can’t hit it on the left in the water. Then you can’t hit it on the right in the trees. After that, you can’t leave it short [of the green] in the water. You have to find the fairway. The winch and pins decide whether it’s a really reachable yardage hole or whether you’re just hitting a wedge there [on your third shot] and have a chance to do birdie. “
Changes to ‘Azalea’
• 2002: The teas moved back 20 to 25 meters.
• 2010: Seven meters has been added to the front of the Masters tees without changing the length of the hole.
# 14: Par 4, 440 yards
There’s no bunker or an ounce of water here. However, the green makes this a challenge. First, there is a fake front that briefly shoots balls down the hill. What is less noticeable to the camera is how much the green slopes off to the right. Hit it on either side of the ridge in the center of the green and watch the ball take off. If the pen is there, great. If not, the player is standing over a long, long two-putt.
Patrick Reed’s secret to # 14
“Of this 13-14-15 course, you have to play this from the fairway because the green is so long and sloping. You have to play from the short grass so you can control the iron stroke. Even when you hit the fairway, when If you don’t hit the right iron punch and put it on the right level, you can easily look at a three-putt.On paper or when you look at a meter book, you think this is nothing Then suddenly you come on the green and say ‘Oh man’ about the wrong front and all the steps on this green. “
Changes to ‘Chinese Fir’
• 2002: The tees moved back 30 to 35 yards.
# 15: Par 5, 530 yards
So much can happen here. Eagle? For sure. Birdies? Often. Double-headed eagle? Yes, Gene Sarazen knocked on his second shot in 1935. So it’s a gimme, an easy par 5, to make up some ground? Well … Sergio Garcia made a 13 here last year, replacing 11 with Ben Crenshaw, Jumbo Ozaki and Ignacio Garrido as the highest score on the hole. On a drive that avoids the tree on the left, the player stands on top of the hill staring at one of the great amphitheaters of golf. Then the real decisions – and problems – begin. The long, narrow green is bordered by water, making it difficult to stop the second shot if the player goes for it in half. But if a player lies down or has to fall after flushing the second shot, the wedge into the green becomes treacherous. Spin it a little too much and it’ll run back to the front of the green – and roll and roll and roll on, down the shaved bank and back into the water. And now you’re faced with the same shot again (or over and over again, as in Garcia’s case).
Patrick Reed’s secret to # 15
“You have to hit the fairway on the right because if you hit it on the left you have to lie down. Then you have a wedge shot – from a slope to an elevated green. That’s difficult. Well, if you want it [in two] and go long, I’ve seen so many people then peel it back and long and it goes into the water [in front of the green]. Next you fall. It is probably the toughest par 5 on the golf course. It’s the most punishing thing on the golf course. The wedge shot in 15 is so punishing if you don’t know your mileage, can’t control your spin, if you don’t make perfect contact. “
Changes to ‘Firethorn’
• 1999: Fairway hill reduced. Pine trees have been added to the right and left.
• 2006: The tees moved back 25 to 30 yards and shifted approximately 20 yards to the golfer’s left.
• 2009: Eight to nine meters from the Masters tees. No change in mileage.
# 16: Par 3, 170 yards
It’s the Tiger’s “In Your Life!” Chip-in at Masters 2005, which was also accidental when he last won a green jacket. The most notable pin is the famous rear left point where shots to the right of the hole capture the slope and direct them down towards the hole. The hardest pin, which makes match play far more difficult, is the position at the top right front of the hill. The same ridge that helps players when the pin is straight back hurts players and throws balls away from the hole instead of approaching it.
Charl Schwartzel’s secret to # 16
“Usually the Sunday flags are very accessible for birdies. They have 20, 30 feet to the right of the flag – quite a large area – and it feeds the hole. It’s a good opportunity to do a birdie, maybe you ‘ It’s the best opportunity other than 3pm when you’re back on Sunday and need a birdie. “
Changes to ‘Redbud’
• None since 1996.
No. 17: Par 4, 440 yards
Read Charl Schwartzel’s secret below. Sounds easy right? Well, he did birdie 15, 16, 17 and 18 on Sunday to win his green jacket in 2011. Defined by one of the most famous trees in the Gulf – the Eisenhower Tree, named after the 34th President of the United States. an Augusta member – experienced an unexpected makeover when an ice storm damaged it in 2014, forcing the tree to be removed. Brief History: The tree was named after Eisenhower because it was known to cut it regularly, which resulted in him asking for it to be removed. Despite being the president, Augusta National did not comply with his request. There are chances of making birdies at 15 and 16. And there’s a shot to make one at the final hole. But 17 was the fifth hardest hole in the 2018 Masters.
Charl Schwartzel’s secret to no.17
“If the tee is not in the fairway, you will have a hard time. If you are in the fairway, you can make a par or a birdie.”
Changes to ‘Nandina’
• 1999: The tees moved back about 25 yards.
• 2006: The teas moved back 10 to 15 meters.
• 2014: Eisenhower Tree removed after ice storm.
No. 18: Par 4, 465 yards
Do you remember the discussion about height differences? There is perhaps no more deceptive yet dramatically uphill hole than No. 18. It’s kind of a breathtaking climb. On the green that overlooks the entire course, the scene provides a perfect stage to conclude the first major of the year. First of all, getting onto the green is a challenge. With this dogleg right, par 4, there are problems on the right (trees) and problems on the left (bunker) of the tee. Apparently there is also a tree a little less than 200 meters from the tee that could cause a big problem. Jordan Spieth caught it on the last day a year ago. His tee shot only traveled 177 meters, he did bogey and “settled” at 64. He has not been the same since then. Finally, there is the two-tier green. When the pin is all the way back, players have a hard time convincing themselves to get the ball all the way to the hole. If it’s ahead, as it will be on the final day, the shots will be funneled down the slope and towards the hole. Yes, the place knows how to create drama.
Charl Schwartzel’s secret to No. 18
“Wenn Sie nur einen Fahrer aus den Bunkern feuern können, haben Sie ein 8-Eisen oder 9-Eisen. Auch hier ist die Sonntagsflagge die einfachste Flagge, weil Sie sie an der Flagge vorbei schlagen können und sie wieder den Trichter hinunter läuft Hügel und Sie werden normalerweise eine 15-Fuß-haben. “
Änderungen an ‘Holly’
• 2002: Die Tees bewegten sich 55 bis 60 Meter zurück und fünf Meter rechts vom Golfer. Der Bunkerkomplex wurde angepasst, wodurch die Bunker um etwa 10 Prozent größer wurden. Links von Fairway-Bunkern wurden Bäume hinzugefügt.