As President Trump and his Republican allies continue to seek to undermine the election, confirming the number of votes in each state is the next major step in formalizing the victory of President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.
An important part of the G.O.P. The strategy has been to delay certification processes in the battlefield states won by Mr Biden in the hopes that lawmakers will undermine the referendum and nominate pro-Trump candidates to the electoral college if state officials fail to meet their deadlines. However, this is extremely unlikely.
Here is a breakdown of certification deadlines and other key dates in battlefield states, as well as information about what happened up to the day of inauguration.
Friday November 20th: Georgia
There’s a 5pm. Friday deadline for officials to confirm election results in GeorgiaMr Biden won in a rare Democratic victory in the deep south that has deeply frustrated Republicans.
Georgian Foreign Secretary Brad Raffensperger, a Republican, said the state would meet the Friday deadline despite a time-consuming hand count of the five million ballots cast there.
Mr. Raffensperger is responsible for confirming the results and has vehemently defended the state’s electoral process against attacks from Mr. Trump. And on Thursday, a Georgia federal judge – Steven Grimberg, whom Mr. Trump appointed – denied a request to freeze certification.
Mr Trump’s campaign might still require a machine recount of the vote, but Mr Biden’s lead is far greater than such a recount is likely to overcome.
Monday November 23: Michigan, Pennsylvania
Mr. Biden won these two states.
Monday is the deadline for counties in Pennsylvania to certify their totals and send them to Kathy Boockvar, Secretary of the Commonwealth, who will certify state results. Pennsylvania does not have a set deadline for deregistering Ms. Boockvar, but there is no reason to expect any delay.
in the Michigan, The Board of State Canvassers scheduled a meeting on Monday to review and certify the results previously confirmed by the acquisition boards in each county. Despite Republican protests against certification of results in Wayne County, which includes Detroit, the state is expected to certify in a timely manner.
Mr Trump invited Michigan Republican lawmakers to the White House on Friday, and his campaign is openly attempting to block the certification process in hopes of getting Republican lawmakers to outvote millions of Michigan voters and a pro-Trump List for elections to be appointed college.
Legislators probably won’t. But even if that were the case, Democratic governor Gretchen Whitmer could certify a separate, pro-biden electoral roll. It would then be for Congress to choose between the two boards, and electoral lawyers say federal law would favor that of the governor even if Congress got stuck. Congress could theoretically also reject Michigan’s electoral votes altogether – in which case Mr Biden would still win the electoral college.
Tuesday November 24th: Minnesota, North Carolina, Ohio
This is the certification deadline for Minnesota, North Carolina and Ohio, none of which should be controversial. Mr. Biden won Minnesota; Mr. Trump won North Carolina and Ohio.
Monday November 30th: Arizona, Iowa, Nebraska
Arizona must confirm its results by that date as well Iowa and Nebraska. Mr Biden won Arizona, Mr Trump won Iowa, and in Nebraska, Mr Trump won statewide, but Mr Biden won an electoral vote in the state’s second congressional district.
The Republican Party of Arizona asked a court to postpone certification in Maricopa County, which includes Phoenix, but a judge denied the application Thursday.
With that in mind, counties are expected to certify in a timely manner and Katie Hobbs, Secretary of State and Democrat, is expected to sign the final statewide certification.
No dispute is expected in Iowa or Nebraska that could delay certification.
Tuesday, December 1: Nevada, Wisconsin
This is the deadline for Nevada and Wisconsinboth won by Mr Biden, to certify their results.
In Nevada, the county commissioners must first certify the results and send them to the Secretary of State, who submits summaries to the Nevada Supreme Court. Ultimately, the governor has to confirm the result. The Trump campaign has filed a lawsuit unfounded allegations that Mr Trump did indeed win Nevada and conservative groups are trying to overturn the results, but these claims are very unlikely to lead anywhere.
Wisconsin has already completed county-level certification, but the Trump campaign is aiming for a partial recount which, if continued, should be completed by the deadline and is not expected to materially change results. Once the recount is complete, the Wisconsin Elections Commission will meet to confirm the results nationwide.
Tuesday December 8th
This is a key date in the democratic process: if states resolve all disputes and certify their results by December 8th, the results should be protected from further legal challenges to ensure that states won by Mr Biden send Biden delegates to the electoral college .
The certification processes that went up to this date vary from state to state, but the final step is the same everywhere under federal law: the governor of each state must compile the certified results and send them to Congress along with the names of the electorate. Delegates.
Monday December 14th
Voters will meet and cast their votes in their respective states on December 14th. This vote constitutionally determines the next president.
Mr Biden has 306 votes to Mr Trump’s 232. Many states officially require their voters to vote for the candidate they have committed to vote for, generally the state referendum winner. In the past, there were few rogue voters who never changed the outcome.
Wednesday January 6th
Congress is ultimately responsible for counting and confirming the votes cast by the electoral college, and this is scheduled for January 6th.
If there were still disputes at this point – if, for example, Republican lawmakers in a state were to appoint a pro-Trump electoral college meeting against the will of voters, and the state’s Democratic governor would appoint a pro-biden plan – it would be the job of Congress to to solve them. Suffrage experts say that under federal law, preference should be given to the governor’s list.
Wednesday January 20th
Mr. Biden is sworn in as the 46th President of the United States.