The stars of the new space age include not only famous entrepreneurs, but also an up-and-coming generation of dreamers and doers. Small businesses, developing countries, and even high schools are now putting spacecraft into orbit.
However, Beijing wants to dominate the democratized space age. It is Construction of ground-based lasers spacecraft can zap and Rehearse cyberattacks should separate the Pentagon from its orbital fleets.
Seven years ago, Washington taken on a new strategy for strengthening the hand of the US military in a possible space war. The plan evolved during the Obama and Trump administrations and it is expected to intensify under President Biden.
This is how the battle for space began and how it plays out now:
China is rushing to dominate space with powerful new weapons.
In 2007, China shattered one of its own dilapidated satellites into thousands of swirling pieces and made headlines around the world. The message to Washington was clear: Beijing was a powerful new rival.
China conducted roughly a dozen more tests after the 2007 raid. Some of the furious warheads shot much higher, theoretically endangering most classes of American spaceships.
The Biden Administration
But Beijing has also tried to diversify its anti-satellite force beyond warheads.
Cyber attacks turned out to be a cheaper way for China to take down US space fleets.
The insight was easy. Every aspect of American space power was controlled from the ground by powerful computers. If penetrated, the brains of Washington’s space fleets can be degraded or destroyed. In addition, such attacks were remarkably cheap compared to other anti-satellite weapons.
China began developing viruses to infect enemy computers and began doing so in 2005 Include cyberattacks in its military exercises. Increasingly his military doctrine demanded the paralysis of early attacks.
Washington supports space entrepreneurs to thwart Beijing.
The idea is that advances in the commercial sector for US space forces can do what Steve Jobs did for terrestrial equipment. To counter the Chinese threat, the Obama administration tried Tap the breakthroughs made by space innovators as a way to revive the military.
Washington Billions of dollars pumped up in commercial projects like SpaceX by Elon Musk and Blue Origin by Jeff Bezos. The result was the development of swarms of tiny satellites as well as fleets of reusable missiles, innovations that made targeting anti-satellites much more difficult, if not impossible.
The Trump administration was looking for an offensive advantage.
The Trump administration continued the Obama trade strategyalthough neither the White House nor the newly created Space Force publicly recognized their origins.
President Donald J. Trump also tried to acquire offensive weapons. The Space Force took possession his first assault weapon, which fires beams of energy from locations on the ground to disrupt enemy spaceships in orbit.
The Trump administration last year asked the Congress First of all with so-called counter space weapons, the expected costs of which amount to many hundreds of millions of dollars. The military’s budget for offensive capabilities is said to be much higher.
The Biden administration seeks orbital resilience.
Lloyd J. Austin III, a retired four-star army general who was sustained as Secretary of Defense by Mr. Biden last week, said the Senate that he would retain a “laser-like focus” on maintaining and sharpening the US’s “competitive advantage” over China’s increasingly powerful military. Amongst other things, he called for new American investments in “space-based platforms” and repeatedly referred to as the space war domain.
Mr. Austin pointed to the need for improved orbital resilience, as well as continued reliance on space entrepreneur innovation to strengthen the hand of the military. The threatening new era he saidstressed the importance of “enhancing our war ability” in space. And he highlighted China as “the threat to the pace”.