The members of the Libya Quartet, which brings together the United Nations, the Union of Arab States, the African Union and the European Union, practically met on Tuesday to take stock of the situation in the country.
After years of senseless violence and suffering, there is a window of opportunity in Libya.
We stand with the people of Libya and we are committed to working with them to build a better future. – António Guterres (@antonioguterres) April 20, 2021
“A window of opportunity”
“After years of senseless violence and suffering, there is a window of opportunity in Libya,” wrote UN Secretary General António Guterres on Twitter after the meeting. “We stand with the people of Libya and we are committed to working with them to build a better future.”
The United Nations has supported the peace efforts in Libya, which led to chaos and conflict after the overthrow of President Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, and resulted in the country between the internationally recognized Government of the National Agreement (GNA) and the rival Libyan National Army ( GNA). LNA).
The United Nations-backed mediation resulted in a historic ceasefire agreement signed by military officials on both sides last October, known as the 5 + 5 Joint Military Commission (JMC). It paved the way for political dialogue and a roadmap that includes December elections.
A new interim government was sworn in last month.
Support for democratic transition
The Quartet met just days after the UN Security Council adopted a resolution approving the Secretary-General’s proposal to support the ceasefire monitoring mechanism. It calls on the teams from the UN mission in the country, UNSMIL, to work with JMC monitors.
After their meeting, the Quartet members issued a joint communiqué welcoming the important outcomes of the Libyan Forum for Political Dialogue (LPDF), the adoption of the roadmap for the preparatory phase of a comprehensive solution and the smooth transfer of power to the new ones provisional authority.
The Quartet also expressed its full support for efforts to implement the LPDF roadmap and successfully complete the democratic transition in Libya. They encouraged the unity government and other institutions to uphold their commitment to appoint women to at least 30 percent of leadership positions and to promote rights-based reconciliation across the country.
Elections must be transparent
The partners also welcomed the new leadership’s commitment to holding the December 24 elections and discussed how they could support the process, including through the possible use of observer missions.
“They stressed the importance of holding these elections in a favorable political and security environment, so that they are inclusive, transparent and credible, and so that all Libyans commit to respect their results and their integrity.”
Withdraw all foreign forces
The communiqué called for increased efforts to fully implement the ceasefire agreement and underlined the importance of further developing the JMC’s plans for a robust, credible and effective ceasefire monitoring mechanism.
“The Quartet condemned the continued violations of the United Nations arms embargo and stressed that any external military intervention in Libya is unacceptable,” it said.
In this context, they called for full compliance with the arms embargo and the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all foreign forces and mercenaries from all Libyan territory in accordance with the resolutions of the UN Security Council and in a manner that fully restores the sovereignty of Libya and preserves its national unity, Independence and territorial integrity. ”