“One of the key messages remains that we expect all parts of Sudan to work together for all of Sudan,” said Special Envoy Volker Perthes after consulting a broad and diverse group of participants on the country’s future.
On his return from the Paris conference aimed at stimulating the country’s economic recovery, he told ambassadors that member states had announced bilateral debt relief to help Sudan clear its arrears with international financial institutions.
Sudanese civil society also shared their vision of a new Sudan based on freedom, justice and economic opportunity, while Prime Minister Abadalla Hamdok reaffirmed his commitment to peace, said Perthes, who also heads the UN Aid Mission to Sudan (UNITAMS).
“I encourage all of Sudan’s international and national partners to continue to support Sudan in implementing the most important economic and political reforms.”
Path to Comprehensive Peace
Starting with the peace process, the UN envoy, the chairman of the Sovereign Council of Sudan, which brings together military and civilian representatives, and the leader of the rebel group, the Sudan People Liberation Movement, said they had signed a declaration of principle on March 28 that lays the foundation stone the way to a final agreement.
He also said that UNITAMS would provide support to the parties as well as neighboring South Sudan, the mediator, as needed during the talks scheduled for next week.
The UN official also discussed with Abdulwahid al Nur, leader of the Sudan liberalization movement / army, in Darfur, one of the other major unsigned factions, the importance of political cooperation with the government for “comprehensive peace”.
The government is continuing its efforts to advance the political transition, including the “important steps” to establish a peace commission, an anti-corruption commission and a transitional justice commission, Perthes said.
With regard to delays in the transition process, he pointed out “most importantly” that an integrative and representative transitional legislative council with at least 40 percent female participation has not yet been implemented.
Amid “great concern” at the limited progress made in implementing the Juba peace agreement of October last year, the UN envoy noted some progress, such as preparations to set up its monitoring and evaluation mechanism.
“Other critical aspects remain unfulfilled,” he said, referring to security arrangements, a ceasefire, a joint protection force and other security committees, all of which “have a direct impact on the protection of the civilian population and overall stability.”
Resolve armed conflicts
Following intermunicipal clashes in Darfur that killed 144 dead and 65,000 displaced persons last month, the special envoy told the council that the government had decided to implement other critical security measures, including joint security forces, improved security arrangements, related ceasefire committees and more humanitarian aid Relief.
Despite the willingness of armed movements to propose designated representatives for ceasefire committees and identify personnel for joint security forces, he said: “The operations have yet to begin.”
“I fear that without the rapid establishment of these joint forces and the implementation of the Sudanese National Plan for the Protection of Civilians, incidents similar to Geneina could be repeated,” warned the UN official, referring to five days of fighting in western Darfur, which many Left points.
Continue to support Sudan – Special Representative
In the meantime, Sudanese women leaders have continued to raise awareness and raise awareness of differences in security, basic needs and political participation, as continued reports uncover human rights violations against women and girls, including through social media campaigns that incite violence.
The Government’s Special Representative who decided to ratify the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women was “an important step forward” as was the African Charter on Human Rights and Peoples’ Rights Protocol to the rights of women in Africa and promised The Mission’s continued support for “an environment in which women live free from fear for their safety and exercise their full rights”