In a press release released on Friday evening, the 15 members of the council commended the country’s leaders for putting “Somalia’s stability, security and development and the best interests of the Somali people” first.
The agreement, which would allow elections within 60 days, was the result of the summit convened by Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble after months of escalating tensions between political groups in Somalia.
The members of the Security Council welcomed the commitment to “hold peaceful, transparent, inclusive and credible elections that respect the agreed minimum quota of 30% women in parliament”.
The Peace and Security Panel also encouraged Somali leaders to maintain this positive momentum so that elections can take place as agreed. They also urged all parties to remain open and constructive so that any issues during the implementation phase can be resolved quickly, and welcomed the agreement to put in place a peaceful dispute settlement mechanism to make this possible.
Back from the abyss
According to the election model of September 17, which was agreed in 2020 between the federal government and the leaders of the federal states, verified clan elders would elect a parliament, which then elects a president. The parliamentary elections were scheduled for December but were then postponed.
The talks that began in March between the Federal Government of Somalia and the heads of state and government of the states were unfortunately broken off at the beginning of April.
The People’s House of the Somali Parliament passed a “special law” that abandoned the groundbreaking agreement and extended the mandates of the current incumbents for up to two more years.
Resistance to these moves led to the mobilization of militias and exposed divisions within the Somali security forces. Violent clashes broke out on April 25, risking major conflict.
“Since then, Somalia has returned from the brink of this worst-case scenario,” said James Swan, the UN special envoy for Somalia, earlier this week, recalling that the House of the People on the 1st of May should finally ease tensions.
Secretary General @antonioguterres welcomes the agreement reached on the implementation of the September 17th electoral model and calls for the rapid establishment of credible federal and state electoral management bodies to carry out the process in Somalia. https://t.co/txW040M31b – UN spokesman (@UN_Spokesperson) May 27, 2021
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres also welcomed the latest agreement between the Somali heads of state and government and called on all parties involved to swiftly implement the new agreement as a “critical step towards a consensual and transparent electoral process without further delays”.
Support the UN mission
Council members commended the support of the United Nations Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).
They expressed their full support for both missions as the country prepares for the elections annexed to the communiqué of Jan.
Finally, the members of the Security Council reaffirmed their respect for the sovereignty, political independence, territorial integrity and unity of Somalia.